Treating Disorders of the Urinary Tract and Male Reproductive Systems
Urologists at Texoma Medical Center focus on diagnosing and treating diseases of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive organs. This includes diseases of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra in both sexes, and the prostate, testicles and surrounding structures in men.
The specialists at TMC use advanced treatment options, including both surgical and non-surgical interventions, for the following conditions:
Cancer can affect organs of the urinary tract system such as the kidneys and bladder, as well the prostate and testicles in the male reproductive system. Learn more >
According to the National Kidney Foundation, more than half a million people visit emergency rooms each year for kidney stones. Kidney stones are crystalized masses that develop from substances in the urine. One of the main causes of kidney stones is the lack of fluids in the body. Urine can become concentrated and darker, allowing crystals to form as there is less fluid to dissolve them. A high-protein diet and a high-salt diet are also contributing risk factors to the formation of kidney stones. In most cases, kidney stones pass out of the body unnoticed, but sometimes they can become too large and lodge in the urinary tract, causing extreme pain or bleeding. Several surgical options are available if a stone does not pass on its own.
One of the most common problems in men over the age of 50 is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or an enlarged prostate, according to the National Institutes of Health. By age 60, more than 50 percent of the men have this problem. By age 85, the number climbs to 90 percent. As the prostate enlarges, it can cause symptoms that obstruct the bladder including:
- Need to frequently empty the bladder (sometimes every one to two hours)
- Sensation that the bladder is not empty, even after a man is done urinating,
- Weak urinary stream
- Dribbling of urine, or the need to stop and start urinating several times when the bladder is emptied
- Trouble in starting to urinate, often requiring a man to push or strain in order to urinate
There are several treatments available to treat BPH, including medications (alpha blockers) that shrink the enlarged prostate or stop the prostate cell growth, minimally invasive therapies that use heat to destroy prostate tissue (transurethral needle ablation, transurethral microwave thermotherapy) and surgical techniques to resection or remove the prostate.
Erectile dysfunction (ED) can be a total inability to achieve an erection, an inconsistent ability to do so, or a tendency to sustain only brief erections. While ED becomes more common as men age, growing older is not the cause of the problem. ED can result from a combination of physical, medical or psychological factors. Heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, surgery and smoking can contribute by reducing blood flow in the penis. ED can be an early warning sign of a more serious illness. To improve ED, treatment may include medications as well as identifying and eliminating underlying causes, such as drug or alcohol use, depression or performance anxiety.
Urinary incontinence is the loss of bladder control. It often indicates that the urethra cannot close completely, making it possible for urine to leak from the bladder. Women experience UI twice as often as men. Some women experience urine leakage while coughing, sneezing or during strenuous exercise. Following surgery or radiation treatment for prostate, bladder and colorectal cancers, men sometimes experience urinary incontinence. Treatment may include exercises, medicines or surgery.
Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection in the urinary system, which includes the bladder and the kidneys. Some of the common symptoms of a urinary tract infection are:
- Burning or pain in the lower abdomen
- Bloody urine may be a sign of infection, but is also caused by other problems
- Burning during urination or an increase in the frequency of urination after the catheter is removed
Antibiotics are typically used to treat UTIs.